Kinesitherapy means therapy of movement (from Greek, Kinesis = moving). Kinesitherapy for the treatment of back pain it is also called “postural-antalgic exercises” and it is based on a set of postures, soft movements and strengthening of weak muscles. It aims at restoring a good neuromuscular balance and above all it is aimed at reducing painful symptoms.

Kinesitherapy as part of physical therapy is one of the most important aspect of medical rehabilitation. It deals with the movement of various body parts or whole-body exercises in order to maintain, establish, develop and change function of locomotion, as well as organs and systems that are functionally related to locomotion. The goal of physical training is to use all the potential of the treated patients, to achieve optimal recovery of the locomotion.

Kinesitherapy includes active and passive exercises.

Active exercises are:

- active assisted

- active unassisted

- active exercises with resistance.

It is used in almost all medical branches in a number of pathological conditions, but it is also preventative.

Execution of movement involves more anatomical structures:

- skeletal system

- joints

- muscles

- peripheral nervous system

- central Nervous System

Today, kinesiotherapy is a mandatory part of rehabilitation not only for diseases and injuries of bone and joint system (locomotor system), but also in heart and vascular disease, respiratory diseases, nephrology, neurology and other.