Prevention programs

WHAT IS OSTEOPOROSIS?
Osteoporosis is a systematical illness of bone metabolism. Generally, progressive illness of skeleton makes smaller the bone strength (bones quality and bone mass). Most frequently it appears in involuntary form in so called post menopause, pre-senile or senile osteoporosis, but recently it appears in secondary form, as a result of illnesses of other organ systems or it appears by irritation, that is to say by using certain medicines (for example corticosteroid drugs).
 
WHO IS IN DANGER?
Every second woman and every fifth man over fifty has a serious increased risk to get osteoporosis.
 
WHICH ARE MOST FREQUENT FACTORS OF RISK?
age
the white race
female
premature menopause (under forty)
hypogonadism
reduced corporal mass
heredity
hyperthyroidism
longer immobilization
physical inactivity
reduced calcium and vitamin D in meals
nourishment too rich in fats and proteins
smoking
drinking coffee and alcoholic drinks in greater quantity

WHICH ARE THE CONSEQUENCES OF OSTEOPOROSIS?
The most unwanted consequence of osteoporosis is the weak and easy breakable bone. The most frequent fractures appear on the backbone vertebrae (back and flank vertebrae), at the upper part of the thighbone and the lower part of forearm bone. Often these fractures appear on the smallest mechanical force, and even without any discomfort. That is the reason why this illness is called "the silent thief, which steals your bones".
 
HOW TO FIND THIS ILLNESS?
The diagnosis is made on the details of anamnesis of the patients, by acquanting the patient with the exsisting risk factors, physical examination, making x-ray of the chest and flank part of the backbone and measuring the density of the bone mass by special apparatus. According to the advice of the WHO UN, the most precise method for establishing bone density of the skeleton is the examination by osteorodensity-metre with double x-ray photon absortionmetre (DEXA). It is a painless, fast method of giving diagnosis which is not harmful for the organism, and gives precise data about the quality and the status of the skeleton.
 
CABINET FOR OSTEOPOROSIS IN BANJA KANJIŽA
The Cabinet for Osteoporosis has begun to work in the Specialized hospital for medical rehabilitation "Banja-Kanjiža" from 1st October, 2006. It is equipped by Hologic osteodensyetre, on which works a team of specialists. Beside establishing the bone density mass, the patients get an all-embracing advice with the aim of prevention of this illness, treatment, as well as their following (laboratory establishment of bone markers).